The Redwood Coast Region* includes California’s four most northern counties- Del Norte, Humboldt, Trinity and Mendocino. Poverty rates are high in this rural region of Northern California. According to the U.S. Census, 2000, 18.3% of the population in the Redwood Coast Region lives below the federal poverty level (FPL**). By comparison, for the whole state of California, 14.2% of the population lives below the FPL (U.S. Census 2000, Summary File 3).
The distribution of poverty in the Redwood Coast Region varies considerably by race/ethnicity. Within the Redwood Coast Region, the race/ethnicity with the highest percentage of poverty is the Black/African American population (38%). The white population has the lowest percentage of poverty (16%). Conversely, the total number of people in poverty is highest in the white population (32,300) and lowest in the Black/African American population (528), thus it is important to look at both the percentage and the actual numbers. Compared to California and the United States, the Redwood Coast Region has higher poverty rates for every race.